Paul's Online Math Notes
[Notes]
Calculus II - Notes

Internet Explorer 10 & 11 Users : If you have been using Internet Explorer 10 or 11 to view the site (or did at one point anyway) then you know that the equations were not properly placed on the pages unless you put IE into "Compatibility Mode". I believe that I have partially figured out a way around that and have implimented the "fix" in the Algebra notes (not the practice/assignment problems yet). It's not perfect as some equations that are "inline" (i.e. equations that are in sentences as opposed to those on lines by themselves) are now shifted upwards or downwards slightly but it is better than it was.

If you wish to test this out please make sure the IE is not in Compatibility Mode and give it a test run in the Algebra notes. If you run into any problems please let me know. If things go well over the next week or two then I'll push the fix the full site. I'll also continue to see if I can get the inline equations to display properly.
 Applications of Integrals Previous Chapter Next Chapter Series & Sequences Area with Polar Coordinates Previous Section Next Section Surface Area with Polar Coordinates

## Arc Length with Polar Coordinates

We now need to move into the Calculus II applications of integrals and how we do them in terms of polar coordinates.  In this section we’ll look at the arc length of the curve given by,

where we also assume that the curve is traced out exactly once.  Just as we did with the tangent lines in polar coordinates we’ll first write the curve in terms of a set of parametric equations,

and we can now use the parametric formula for finding the arc length.

We’ll need the following derivatives for these computations.

We’ll need the following for our ds.

The arc length formula for polar coordinates is then,

 where,

Let’s work a quick example of this.

 Example 1  Determine the length of  .   Solution Okay, let’s just jump straight into the formula since this is a fairly simple function.                                                                We’ll need to use a trig substitution here.                                                                                                                            The arc length is then,

Just as an aside before we leave this chapter.  The polar equation  is the equation of a spiral.  Here is a quick sketch of  for .

 Area with Polar Coordinates Previous Section Next Section Surface Area with Polar Coordinates Applications of Integrals Previous Chapter Next Chapter Series & Sequences

[Notes]

 © 2003 - 2016 Paul Dawkins