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### Section 1.10 : Common Graphs

10. Without using a graphing calculator sketch the graph of $$g\left( x \right) = \sqrt { - x}$$.

Hint : Recall that the graph of $$f\left( { - x} \right)$$ is the graph of $$f\left( x \right)$$ reflected about the $$y$$-axis.
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First, do not get excited about the minus sign under the root. We all know that we won’t get real numbers if we take the square root of a negative number, but that minus sign doesn’t necessarily mean that we’ll be taking the square root of negative numbers. If we plug in positive value of $$x$$ then clearly we will be taking the square root of negative numbers, but if we plug in negative values of $$x$$ we will now be taking the square root of positive numbers and so there really is nothing wrong with the function as written. We’ll just be using a different set of $$x$$’s than what we may be used to working with when dealing with square roots.

Now, recall the basic Algebraic transformations. If we know the graph of $$f\left( x \right)$$ then the graph of $$f\left( { - x} \right)$$ is simply the graph of $$f\left( x \right)$$ reflected about the $$y$$-axis.

So, in our case if $$f\left( x \right) = \sqrt x$$ we can see that,

$g\left( x \right) = \sqrt { - x} = f\left( { - x} \right)$

and so the graph we’re being asked to sketch is the graph of the square root function reflected about the $$y$$-axis.

Here is the graph of $$g\left( x \right) = \sqrt { - x}$$ and note that to help see the transformation we have also sketched in the graph of $$f\left( x \right) = \sqrt x$$. 